The deadliest earthquake of all the history of Haiti has a name. His name goudou-goudou, because of this rumbling, like thunder, he issued during his visit; the worst disaster ever recorded in the country since 1804. In fact, it's already created panic among the local population still reeling three months after the disaster. Thus, by analyzing the situation in which the country is 6 years after the passage of this earthquake, we try to understand how the people of this country can overcome this latest ordeal. Let us take an honest look at the position of Haiti after January 12, 2012 to May 2016. Six years after the magnitude 7 earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010, Haiti advanced from the recovery phase to develop long-term to this day, continues to improve the infrastructure and institutions. Haiti is working to increase the access to and the quality of health coverage, education and other social services. Haiti is also encouraging investment. While significant challenges remain, Haiti has experienced a number of positive developments since the earthquake: Of a total of 1.5 million, more than 1.4 million IDPs were able to leave the camps to be resettled. Reconstruction programs are working to rehabilitate dwellings, to build safer homes and rehabilitate areas of infrastructure.

Haitian children have better access to primary education, it has increased from 78 to 90%. However, the quality of education and learning remains low. Only a third of all children under 14 years are enrolled in the class corresponding to their age. Extreme poverty fell from 31 to 24% over the last decade, especially in urban areas, especially in Port-au-Prince. However, sustainability, targeting and social protection coverage remain significant challenges. Only 8% of the Haitian population received social assistance non-contributory in 2012, such as grants, food aid and other transfers. The tourism sector is growing with several new hotels in Port-au-Prince and an increase in international travelers of nearly 20% in the past two years. However, much remains to be done to reduce poverty and improve the living conditions of the Haitian population.

After a contraction of 5.5% of GDP in 2010 due to the earthquake, Haiti has experienced from 2011 to 2015 an average real growth rate of 3.4% and a GDP per capita of 2.0% stimulated in part by high levels of reconstruction aid and remittances. During the last year the real GDP growth fell to 1.7 percent, down 2.8 percent compared to the previous year. This expansion was supported by relatively strong growth in the manufacturing and hotel sectors (increase of 3.5 percent and 5.0 percent, respectively), but has been hampered by agriculture (contraction of 3.5 percent). With a decline in investment and concerns about the spring harvest, economic growth is expected to slow this year and approach 0.9 percent. The lack of universal access to education and basic social services and the unemployment rate around 41%, Haiti 154th place in the Human Development Index out of 178 countries. 95% of Haitian businesses are informal. The most profitable are still those related to telecommunications, banking and imports. The crop also puts pressure on prices. Inflation also accelerated to reach 14.4% percent at the end of February, driven mainly by rising prices of local food due to drought in several parts of the country. A major challenge for Haiti will be to manage the substantial reduction in aid from donors as well as its access to concessional finance such as Petrocaribe agreement. This will probably have the effect of limiting investment in Haiti's capital, which increased during the past three years, with limited impact on growth. With the low availability of resources, it is crucial that the government uses internal and external resources efficiently. Haiti remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world (with a GNP per capita of 846 dollars in 2014), and suffers from important gaps in essential services. According to the latest household survey (ECWAS 2012), more than 6 out of 10.4 million Haitians (59%) live below the poverty line of 2.42 dollars a day and more than 2.5 million (24%) lives under the extreme poverty line of 1.23 dollars a day. It is also one of the most unequal countries in the world, with a Gini coefficient of 0.61 in 2012. Let us pray for Haiti and do what we can to help the less fortunate. Prov. 19:17 When you help the poor you are lending to the Lord--and he pays wonderful interest on your loan!

Political Situation

Former President Michel Martelly resigned at the end of its constitutional mandate on February 7th and no elected successor. Members of parliament have nominated the head of the Senate Jocelerme Privert to head an interim government. President Privert is primarily responsible for organizing a new interim government, installed a new electoral commission to investigate allegations of fraud in the 2015 elections, and carry under the presidential, parliamentary and municipal elections.


Haiti is facing, at the economic level, two major challenges: poverty and inequality. Regarding income distribution, the poor receive 0.7% of national income, while the richest that only 10% of the population are allocated over 50%. The middle class that displayed since the advent of François Duvalier, dynamism and played an important role in society has been hit hard by the earthquake of January 12, 2012.